Journal of Applied Health Sciences and Medicine

Research Article

Zoonosis in Iraq from 2014-2018: An epidemiological study

  • By Hasan Hadi Ali, Ali Jawad Alyasiri - 18 Mar 2024
  • Journal of Applied Health Sciences and Medicine, Volume: 4, Issue: 2, Pages: 4 - 13
  • Received: October 28, 2023; Accepted: March 1, 2024; Published: March 18, 2024


Zoonosis are diseases that arise from animals where humans contract infectious diseases from animal reservoirs, either naturally or through zoonotic vectors. Multiple databases like PubMed, Google Scholar, Research Gate were searched to collect scientific research articles on ‘Zoonosis’ in Iraq. Articles were identified through a comprehensive search of the literature and by references from many articles identified through the search process. In addition to the plan for the control of zoonotic diseases issued by the Ministry of Health and Environment / Department of Public Health. On the basis of this review, the numbers of zoonosis during the mentioned five years are compared through a line graph. Emphasis is placed on the increasing annual burden of zoonosis on public health in Iraq. The effects of various factors such as animal husbandry, urbanization, poverty, climate change, and adaptation to pathogens on the emergence of zoonosis are discussed in this article. Public health sectors in Iraq need to be proactive by emphasizing effective periodic surveillance, prior assessment or prediction of zoonosis and public health support. Some zoonotic diseases pose a significant public health threat to humans, while others may cause significant agricultural and social or economic impacts. The well-known nature of many aspects of zoonosis has always been a challenge in preparing for and responding to zoonotic threats at the human-animal interface of the environment, highlighting the critical need for a multifaceted and articulate approach to health to address this health. threats. To meet the challenges of zoonosis in Iraq, one common priority has been identified for zoonosis and individual health systems.