Social Science and Culture

Research article

Community Policing of Barangay Public Safety Officers (BPSO) in Selected Barangays of Mandaue City, CY 2013

  • By Ryan T. Figer - 17 Mar 2023
  • Social Science and Culture, Volume: 1, Issue: 1, Pages: 7 - 19
  • Received: February 22, 2023; Accepted: March 9, 2023; Published: March 17, 2023


Modern policing is not only the sole job of the police but of course with the involvement, assistance and the cooperation of the community. In the old days or traditional policing, police efficiency is dictated by the old concept, wherein the police is basically more reactive in nature. This study was conducted to determine the level of awareness of the major duties and responsibilities pertaining to their job as auxiliary force in the enforcement of laws, maintenance of peace and order and in the prevention of crimes in the community. Furthermore this is anchored on three theories; Robert Gagne's five learning categories, Malcolm Knowles' adult learning theory, and Carl Rogers' experiential learning theory. The method used is the descriptive-correlational method of research utilizing a researcher-made questionnaire and was conducted in selected barangays of Mandaue City and the respondents were the BPSO members or barangay where Universal sampling was used. This study also revealed the level of public awareness about modern policing, with recommendations that because BPSOs are frequently in direct contact with the public, they should receive extensive training in areas such as information gathering and reporting, as well as arrest and search, which are both critical in the criminalistic field.

Keywords: Barangays, BPSO, Peace and Order, Philippines, Tanod